FANDOM


2011 census 1.21 billion people-17.5% of the world's population- Population growth rate 1.41% - 50% below age 25-65% below age 35

2030 dependency ratio -0.4

more than 2000 ethnic groups . All religions represented.four major families of languages (Indo-European,DravidianAustroasiatic and Tibeto-Burman languages) 

Population 1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.) (2nd)
Growth rate 1.51% (2009 est.) (93rd)
Birth rate 20.22 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate 7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Life expectancy 68.89 years (2009 est.)
 • male 67.46 years (2009 est.)
 • female 72.61 years (2009 est.)
Fertility rate 2.44 children born/woman (SRS 2011)
Infant mortality rate 44 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
0–14 years 31.2% (male 190,075,426/female 172,799,553) (2009 est.)
15–64 years 63.6% (male 381,446,079/female 359,802,209) (2009 est.)
65 and over 5.3% (male 29,364,920/female 32,591,030) (2009 est.)
At birth 1.12 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Under 15 1.10 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
15–64 years 1.06 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
65 and over 0.90 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Population distribution in India by states
Rank State /

Union Territory

Type Population [18] Area [19]

(km²)

Density

(/km²)

Males Females Sex Ratio

[20]

Literacy Rural [21]

Population

Urban [21]

Population

1 Uttar Pradesh State 199,812,341 16.50 240,928 828 104,480,510 95,331,831 912 67.68 131,658,339 34,539,582
2 Maharashtra State 121,455,333 9.28 307,713 365 58,243,056 54,131,277 929 82.34 55,777,647 41,100,980
3 Bihar State 103,804,637 8.60 94,163 1,102 54,278,157 49,821,295 918 61.80 74,316,709 8,681,800
4 West Bengal State 91,276,115 7.54 88,752 1,030 46,809,027 44,467,088 950 76.26 57,748,946 22,427,251
5 Madhya Pradesh State 72,626,809 6.00 308,245 236 37,612,306 35,014,503 931 69.32 44,380,878 15,967,145
6 Tamil Nadu State 72,147,030 5.96 130,058 555 36,137,975 36,009,055 996 80.09 34,921,681 27,483,998
7 Rajasthan State 68,548,437 5.66 342,239 201 35,550,997 32,997,440 928 66.11 43,292,813 13,214,375
8 Karnataka State 61,095,297 5.05 191,791 319 30,966,657 30,128,640 973 75.36 34,889,033 17,961,529
9 Gujarat State 60,439,692 4.99 196,024 308 31,491,260 28,948,432 919 78.03 31,740,767 18,930,250
10 Andhra Pradesh State 49,386,799 4.08 160,200 308 24,738,068 24,648,731 996 67.41 34,776,389 14,610,410
11 Odisha State 41,974,218 3.47 155,707 269 21,212,136 20,762,082 979 72.87 31,287,422 5,517,238
12 Telangana State 35,193,978 2.9 114,845 308 42,442,146 42,138,631 990 66.83 20,624,678 6,198,530
13 Kerala State 33,406,061 2.76 38,863 859 16,027,412 17,378,649 1084 95.50 23,574,449 8,266,925
14 Jharkhand State 32,988,134 2.72 79,714 414 16,930,315 16,057,819 948 66.41 20,952,088 5,993,741
15 Assam State 31,205,576 2.58 78,438 397 15,939,443 15,266,133 958 72.19 23,216,288 3,439,240
16 Punjab State 27,743,338 2.29 50,362 550 14,639,465 13,103,873 895 75.84 16,096,488 8,262,511
17 Chhattisgarh State 25,545,198 2.11 135,191 189 12,832,895 12,712,303 991 70.28 16,648,056 4,185,747
18 Haryana State 25,351,462 2.09 44,212 573 13,494,734 11,856,728 879 75.55 15,029,260 6,115,304
19 Delhi State 16,787,941 1.39 11,297 9,340 8,987,326 7,800,615 868 86.21 944,727 12,905,780
20 Jammu and Kashmir State 12,541,302 1.04 222,236 56 6,640,662 5,900,640 889 67.16 7,627,062 2,516,638
21 Uttarakhand State 10,086,292 0.83 53,483 189 5,137,773 4,948,519 963 78.82 6,310,275 2,179,074
22 Himachal Pradesh State 6,864,602 0.57 55,673 123 3,481,873 3,382,729 972 82.80 5,482,319 595,581
23 Tripura State 3,673,917 0.30 10,486 350 1,874,376 1,799,541 960 94.65 2,653,453 545,750
24 Meghalaya State 2,966,889 0.25 22,429 132 1,491,832 1,475,057 989 74.43 1,864,711 454,111
25 Manipur State 2,855,794 0.21 22,327 122 1,290,171 1,280,219 992 79.21 1,590,820 575,968
26 Nagaland State 1,978,502 0.16 16,579 119 1,024,649 953,853 931 79.55 1,647,249 342,787
27 Goa State 1,458,545 0.12 3,702 394 739,140 719,405 973 88.70 677,091 670,577
28 Arunachal Pradesh State 1,383,727 0.11 83,743 17 713,912 669,815 938 65.38 870,087 227,881
29 Pondicherry UT 1,247,953 0.10 479 2,598 612,511 635,442 1037 85.85 325,726 648,619
30 Mizoram State 1,097,206 0.09 21,081 52 555,339 541,867 976 91.33 447,567 441,006
31 Chandigarh UT 1,055,450 0.09 114 9,252 580,663 474,787 818 86.05 92,120 808,515
32 Sikkim State 610,577 0.05 7,096 86 323,070 287,507 890 81.42 480,981 59,870
33 Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT 380,581 0.03 8,249 46 202,871 177,710 876 86.63 239,954 116,198
34 Dadra and Nagar Haveli UT 343,709 0.03 491 698 193,760 149,949 774 76.24 170,027 50,463
35 Daman and Diu UT 243,247 0.02 112 2,169 150,301 92,946 618 87.10 100,856 57,348
36 Lakshadweep UT 64,473 0.01 32 2,013 33,123 31,350 946 91.85 33,683 26,967
TOTAL India 30 + 6 1,210,193,422 100 3,287,240 382 623,724,248 586,469,174 940 74.04 833,087,662 377,105,760

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